Dorcas Carveth

Daughter of Richard Carveth and Margaret Andrew, mother of Stowe Margaret Temple and wife of Octavius Temple

Dorcas was baptised at Probus, Cornwall on 3rd August 1786.

She grew up on the family farm at Barteliva and Carvosso in Probus. The engagement to Captain Temple was not welcomed by the parents. “The young officer, bred in a different home atmosphere must have seemed an incongruous addition to the strict and old fashioned Cornish family”. They had no love for the army; the war taxes pressed the landowners very severely. Richard (father) forbade the banns - "I will have no soldiers in my family" is attributed to him - however, they married on 8th July 1805 in Probus. Nicholas Carveth, her elder brother, and Catherine, a younger sister, were witnesses.

Jennetta Octavia, a daughter, wrote in 1888 " My mother was considered a beautiful woman, with gentle manners, knowing no language but her own, not clever in the sense of brilliant at all, but thoughtful, with excellent judgement, great sense of personal dignity, governing her family without any effort, without severity. Her word was an unquestioned law ...... She was the only teacher that we had until we went to school. She taught us to read  and write; she taught arithmetic, with very little knowledge of arithmetic herself, by steady repetition ....... When it was time for my brothers to learn Latin, the same system was adopted".

After Octavius' death in 1834, Dorcas lived in Devon until she joined her son Frederick. According to the 1851 Census, Dorcas was living with her brother, Frederick, at Kneller Hall, Twickenham - see note on Frederick Temple

According to the 1841 Census, Dorcas was living her dsughter Stowe and her husband Dr William Henry Hugo at Oxon House, Culmstock, Devon.  Also present were two of her other daughters, Catherine and Jennatta.







Dorcas shortly before she died

According to the 1861 Census, Dorcas was living with her son Frederick in Rugby School House.  Also present were two of her children:

Jenetta Octavia Temple, aged 42

John Temple, aged 37 with three of his children

Catherine, aged 10

John, aged 8

Agnes, aged 7

Plus a visitor and many staff.

She died at Rugby School where Frederick was, in 1866, Headmaster and was buried in Rugby cemetery.

The source for this information is the book "Frederick Temple, Archbishop of Canterbury." Published by MacMillan & Co in1906.

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